Animal Movies and Sounds Animal Posters Animal T-Shirts Animal Gifts Animal Stock Media Directory Lesson Plans
Forum | Send Feedback | Add JungleWalk search to your Website | Bookmark this Site
JungleWalk.com Lesson Plans
Use the search box to search for additional pictures or information for any particular animal. Clicking on the search button will open a new window with search results. Search by animal name only (e.g., search for 'lion', but not 'carnivore'). Click on the 'photos' tab to view the thumbnail images, click on each to view larger image.


Lesson Plan Table of Contents | Send us your feedback about this lesson plan
Adaptation
Goal: To learn about common adaptation patterns
Grade Level: 2-4
Author: JungleWalk

Once children are familiar with common categories and groups of animals, they can learn about common adaptation patterns and major structures that are seen in animals and how they help them to survive in different environments. It is important that they learn to identify major structures of common animals.

What is Adaptation?
Adaptation are characteristics and mechanisms that animals have developed over the years to help them survive in a particular environment.

Discuss with students how we as humans have adapted in different environment such as using cars, our clothing during different seasons, etc.


Birds and Wings
 

Red-tailed Hawk
Just like we have legs to get around, to walk and run, animals use different organs for moving. Show pictures of different birds. Birds use wings to get around, for flying and gliding. They fly by flapping their wings up and down. As the wings beat down, they push the air back, making the bird move forward.

View Slide Show

Video:
  • A bald eagle flying and gliding (Wrightwood labs)


Jellyfish and tentacles
Jellyfishes use tentacles to move around. They flex their tentacles to push themselves forward. Video of a jellyfish moving in water.

View Slide Show

Video:
  • Jellyfish moving in water
 

Jellyfish


Snake's Fangs
 

Cottonmouth
Snakes use their fangs to inject venom into their prey to paralyze or kill. Snake’s fang is a modified tooth and work like they syringe that is used to give vaccination shots, but the snake uses it for a very different reason. Below is a video showing the fangs of the snake nicely tucked inside its mouth and is seen when the snake yawns.

View Slide Show

Video:
  • Snake yawning


Cheetah's Body
The Cheetah is the fastest land animal. They have powerful legs that gives them the strength to run so fast. They also have streamlined bodies, wide nasal pages, and flatter rib cages - all designed to allow for easier breathing during running. The video below clearly shows its strength and agility.

View Slide Show

Video:
  • Cheetah Running
 

Cheetah


Elephant's Trunk
 

Elephant
An elephant’s trunk is like a hand, it is used for bringing food into the mouth, drinking water, getting foliage from tall trees, etc. It also has two 'fingers' at its tip, which is used for moving and picking up small objects. The trunk is actually an elongated nose combined with the upper lip.

View Slide Show

Video:
  • Elephant eating a pumpkin


Monkey's Tail
Some monkeys use their tails for gripping on to tree branches and as part of their acrobatics. They can leap up to 30 feet (the height of a 3-storied house). Some monkeys have a bare (furless) patch near the tip of their tails which makes gripping possible. Such tails are called 'prehensile' tails.

Video:
  • Monekys using their tails to swing through branches
  • Black Howler monkey at Belize Zoo
 

Howler Monkey


Porcupine's Quills
 

Porcupine
The porcupine’s sharp quills are hardened hair and are used for protection against predators. It can lash its quilled tail when the enemies get too close, causing a lot of pain!

View Slide Show

Video:
  • Porcupine walking around







Netrikon Designs, Inc., 2002-5